JAKARTA – The government through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources ensures that in 2026 Indonesia will be free from dependence on imports of fuel oil (BBM). The Director-General of Oil and Gas, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. Tutuka Ariadji, explained this is because fuel production in 2026 will meet all domestic needs.
He said that this year, domestic demand for BBM was far greater than production from national refineries. Thus, they need fuel imports to cover domestic needs.
In the future, his party will encourage national fuel production to continue to increase. “So that in 2026, there can be the same between demand and production of BBM. So we will consistently reduce fuel imports, ”he said in a meeting with Commission VII of the Indonesian Parliament, Monday (16/11).
Referring to data from the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, fuel imports from 2020 to 2025 are predicted to continue to decline. Fuel imports will increase from this year’s position of 16.76 million kiloliters (KL) to 18.43 million KL next year.
However, fuel imports will again decline to 16.65 million KL in 2022 and cut to 9.34 million KL in 2023. However, fuel imports will again increase to 10.45 million KL in 2024 and reach 12.67 million KL in 2025.
Projections These imports were assumed to increase in fuel consumption by 3.16 percent per year. They estimate national fuel demand to increase from 69.72 million KL this year. In the range of 72-77 million KL in 2021-2022, translating to 80-87 million KL in 2024-2027, and reaching 90-96 million KL in 2028-2030.
The Utilization of BBM for Indonesia People Continues to Increase
The fluctuation in the import estimate is influenced by national fuel production and biofuel utilization. In 2021-2023, domestic fuel production will still be in the range of 44-47 million KL. New fuel production will begin to increase in 2023, namely to 57.46 million KL. And will remain at the same level until 2025. Furthermore, starting in 2026, fuel production will skyrocket to 84.27 million KL until 2030.
According to Tutuka, this additional fuel production comes from the completion of the Balongan Refinery. Upgrading and capacity building project in 2022 and the Balikpapan Refinery in 2023. In 2026, additional fuel production capacity will come from the Cilacap Refinery Upgrading Project and the Tuban New Refinery Project.
On the other hand, they project national biofuel utilization to continue to increase from 8.43 million KL this year to 10.5 million KL in 2023. And to penetrate 12.8 million KL in 2025. After that, biofuel utilization continues to increase in the range of 13.1- 13.7 million KL in 2027-2029 and reaching 16.1 million KL in 2030. Biofuel utilization covers the difference between production and fuel needs from 2026 to 2030.
Regarding the use of biofuel, according to Tutuka, currently, it still comes from mixing biodiesel by 30 percent. Furthermore, the increase in fuel is also got from the co-processing of palm oil into green diesel (green diesel) and green gasoline at the Dumai Refinery, Cilacap Refinery, and the Plaju Refinery starting in 2022, as well as the operation of the Green Refinery at the Plaju Refinery Complex, starting in 2024.
Also, read another article about Indonesia – Japan Cooperation to Meet Bioenergy Needs.